13th European Nitrogen Fixation Conference (ENFC)

Date: 18-Aug-18 to 21-Aug-18
Location: Stockholm / Sweden
This European based biennial congress brings together scientists focused on biological N2 fixation (BNF) from diverse research topics of biochemistry, microbiology, computational genomics, plant physiology, and more recently genetic engineering and aquatic microbiology. The first ENFC was held in Szeged, Hungary, in 1994, with an emphasis on participation by young researchers. The most recent ENFC in 2016 was a clear demonstration of ‘research without borders’ as 294 participants, 30 % of which came from outside of the European Union (EU), including 8 % from developing countries, attended the 12th ENFC in Budapest, Hungary. A large percent (29%) of the participants were PhD students. The value of the ENFC series has been proven over the years. Although a smaller congress by today’s ...

Practical Management of Impurities, Stockholm, Sweden

Date: 19-Sep-18 to 20-Sep-18
Location: Stockholm / Sweden
This 2 day course is aimed at providing a holistic understanding of the challenges and issues associated with implementing an effective control strategy for all impurity types. It will examine key areas, specifically, impurity qualification, mutagenic impurities, elemental impurities, extractives and leachables and solvents. In each case it will examine practical approaches through both case studies and practical exercises and in all instances provide clarity as to the current and emerging regulatory frameworks. The course also looks at other impurity related areas such as shared facilities, both the guideline and recent Q&A document, finishing with a look to the future and the challenges associated with new modalities including Oligonucleotides and Antibody Drug Conjugates.

Secrets of Batch Process Scale-Up, Stockholm, Sweden

Date: 02-Oct-18 to 04-Oct-18
Location: Stockholm / Sweden
Operating a commercially viable chemical process requires a good chemical synthesis to start with, but is also subject to the interplay of a myriad of important physical phenomena – heat transfer, mass transfer, fluid flow, etc. which are traditionally the realm of the chemical engineer. An understanding of these scale-up phenomena is crucial for the laboratory development of processes that will scale successfully. This course presents an overview of these issues and examines their impact on process operation in the pilot plant and beyond, including scale-up considerations for route selection, raw material charging, reaction steps, workup, crystallization, product isolation, drying, etc. Common bench techniques for each of these steps are contrasted to the safety and operability criteria ...